Anarchistes Anarchistes
  - (1996) Procès Marini
  - (1996) Quatre de Cordoba
  - (2001) Quatre de Luras
  - (2003) Opération "Black-Out"
  - (2003) Quatre de Valence
  - (2003) Six de Barcelone
  - (2004 - 2005) Opération Cervantes
  - (2004) Enquête sur les COR
  - (2004) Quatre de Aachen
  - (2005) Opération "Nottetempo"
  - (2005) Opération Fraria
  - (2006) Emeutes Forum Social Européen d’Athènes
  - (2006) Operation "Comitato Liberazione Sardegna"
  - (2006) Opération du 9 Février
  - (2006) Opération du Quatre Mai
  - Anonima Sarda Anarchici Insurrezionalista
  - Autres
  - Azione Rivoluzionaria Anticapitalista
  - Brigadas de la Cólera
  - Brigata 20 luglio
  - Cellule Armate per la Solidarietà Internazionale
  - Cellule contro il Capitale, il Carcere, i suoi Carcerieri e le sue Celle
  - Cellule Insorgenti Metropolitane
  - Cooperativa Artigiana Fuoco e Affini (occasionalmente spettacolare)
  - Federazione Anarchica Informale
  - Fuerzas Autonómas y Destructivas León Czolgosz
  - Individus
  - Justice Anti-Etat
  - Narodnaja Volja
  - Nucleo Rivoluzionario Horst Fantazzini
  - Solidarietà Internazionale

Anti-Fascistes Anti-Fascistes
  - Pedro José Veiga Luis Pedro
  - Stuart Durkin
  - Thomas Meyer-Falk
  - Tomek Wilkoszewski
  - Volkert Van Der Graaf

Anti-Guerres Anti-Guerres
  - Barbara Smedema
  - Novaya Revolutsionaya Alternativa

Anti-Impérialistes Anti-Impérialistes
  - Action Révolutionnaire Populaire
  - Armed Resistance Unit
  - Comando Amazónico Revolucionario
  - Comando Popular Revolucionario - La Patria es Primero
  - Comandos Autonomos Anticapitalistas
  - Fraction Armée Révolutionnaire Libanaise
  - Front Armé Anti-Japonais d’Asie du Sud
  - Front Révolutionnaire de Libération du Peuple (DHKC)
  - Grupos de Combatientes Populares
  - Individus
  - Lutte Populaire Révolutionnaire (ELA)
  - Lutte Révolutionnaire (LA)
  - Movimiento de Accion Popular Unitario Lautaro
  - Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac Amaru
  - Movimiento Todos por la Patria
  - Organisation Révolutionnaire du 17 Novembre (17N)
  - Revolutionary Armed Task Force
  - Revolutionären Zellen
  - Symbionese Liberation Army
  - United Freedom Front

Communistes Communistes
  - Action Directe
  - Affiche Rouge
  - Armée Rouge Japonaise
  - Brigate Rosse
  - Brigate Rosse - Partito Comunista Combattente
  - Cellule di Offensiva Rivoluzionaria
  - Comando Jaramillista Morelense 23 de Mayo
  - Comando Justiciero 28 de Junio
  - Comunisti Organizzati per la Liberazione Proletaria
  - Ejército Popular Revolucionario
  - Ejército Revolucionario Popular Insurgente
  - Ejército Villista Revolucionario del Pueblo
  - Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias del Pueblo
  - Grupos de Resistencia Antifascista Primero de Octubre
  - Individus
  - Ligue Marxiste-Léniniste de Propagande Armée (MLSPB)
  - May 19 Communist Organization
  - MLKP / Forces Armées des Pauvres et Opprimés (FESK)
  - Nuclei Armati per il Comunismo - Formazioni Comuniste Combattent
  - Nuclei di Iniziativa Proletaria Rivoluzionaria
  - Nuclei Proletari per il Comunismo
  - Nucleo Proletario Rivoluzionario
  - Parti Communiste des Travailleurs de Turquie / Léniniste (TKEP/L)
  - Parti Communiste Ouvrier de Turquie (TKIP)
  - Parti-Front Populaire de Libération de la Turquie/Avant-garde Révolutionnaire du Peuple (THKP-C/HDÖ)
  - Proletari Armati per il Comunismo
  - Rote Armee Fraktion
  - Tendencia Democrática Revolucionaria
  - Union des Communistes Révolutionnaires de Turquie (TIKB)
  - Unione dei Comunisti Combattenti

Environnementalistes Environnementalistes
  - Anti OGM
  - Anti-Nucléaires
  - Bio-Technologies
  - Earth Liberation Front
  - Etats-Unis
  - Lutte contre le TAV
  - Marco Camenisch
  - Solidarios con Itoitz (Espagne)

Libération animale Libération animale
  - Animal Liberation Front (ALF)
  - Campagne contre Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS)
  - Peter Young

Libération Nationale Libération Nationale
  - Afro-Américain
  - Amérindien
  - Assam
  - Balouchte
  - Basque
  - Breton
  - Catalan
  - Chiapas
  - Corse
  - Galicien
  - Irlandais
  - Karen
  - Kurde
  - Mapuche
  - Palestinien
  - Papou
  - Porto-Ricain
  - Sarde
  - Tamoul
  - Touareg

Luttes & Prison Luttes & Prison
  - Belgique
  - Contre les FIES
  - Contre les type F (Turquie)
  - Journée Internationale du Révolutionnaire Prisonnier
  - Moulins-Yzeure (24 novembre 2003)
  - Mutinerie de Clairvaux (16 avril 2003)

Manifs & Contre-Sommet(s) Manifs & Contre-Sommet(s)
  - Manifestations anti-CPE (Mars 2006)
  - Sommet de l’Union Européenne de Laeken (14 décembre 2001)
  - Sommet du G8 à Gênes en juillet 2001
  - Sommet européen de Thessalonique (Juin 2003)

Maoistes Maoistes
  - Parti Communiste de l’Inde - Maoïste
  - Parti Communiste des Philippines
  - Parti Communiste du Népal (Maoïste)
  - Parti Communiste du Pérou
  - Parti Communiste Maoïste (MKP)
  - Purba Banglar Sarbahara Party

Répression Répression
  - Allemagne
  - Belgique
  - Espagne
  - France
  - Italie
  - Suisse

Sabotages & Actions Sabotages & Actions
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Objectifs et organisation du Kongra-Gel. (en anglais)

1 The aims and objectives of KONGRA-GEL shall be :

a) To establish peace, democracy, freedom, equality and justice in Kurdistan, based on a durable solution to the Kurdish Question

b) To resolve the Kurdish Question in Turkey, Iran and Syria on the basis of dialogue and democratic principles, thereby also promoting the democratic forces in the Middle East

c) To establish a free society embracing all Kurds, as well as other ethnic groups living in Kurdistan, through the empowerment of civil society and within the framework and institutions of a democratic state

d) To resolve the gender problem, based on the notion that equality and freedom is the birthright of all members of society

e) To defeat existing, subjugating structures of stratified society, whether capitalist or socialist in origin, and to combat all forms of oligarchic, monarchic and theocratic totalitarian structures

f) To promote the philosophy of the democratic-ecological society, the contemporary expression of humanity’s desire for freedom and democracy, consequently fighting the enduring problems in the Middle East : nationalism, chauvinism and religious fanaticism

g) To spearhead the democratic-ecological revolution by coordinating forces in Kurdistan and the Middle East working for the above mentioned purposes.


2.1 Definition of Membership

KONGRA-GEL accepts individual as well as institutional membership.

2.1.1 Individual membership

Any individual above the age of 18 years, accepting KONGRA-Gel’s aims and principles as outlined in our program and constitution may is eligible for membership.

Applications for membership should be forwarded in writing to any of the branches of the KONGRA-GEL, giving relevant information of identity and background. The final acceptance or rejection of the application rests with ......... Applicants shall be notified of the decision in writing. Any candidate member whose application is turned down may challenge the decision in writing to............

2.1.2 Institutional membership

Any democratic organization, party, group or institution subscribing to the aims and principles of the KONGRA-GEL and working for their implementation is eligible for membership. Institutional members may maintain their own Constitution.

Applications for membership should be forwarded in writing to the Executive Council of the KONGRA-GEL with the institutions’ program and constitution. The decision shall be communicated in writing within 2 months from the reception of the application, and membership will be in effect as from the date of the approval.

2.1.3 Membership fees

Members pay an annual membership fee to KONGRA-GEL. The fee may be reduced or waived in the case of individuals or institutions in financially difficult circumstances.

2.1.4 Termination of membership

Membership in KONGRA-GEL may be terminated at any time. Notification should be done in writing.

2.2 Definition of Member

Members of KONGRA-GEL will :

a) Commit themselves to the principles of internationalism, democratic participation and fundamental human rights and strive, in every field, to disseminate these in society

b) Fight all discrimination based on gender, race, religion, language and nationality, and respects the existence and the rights of the `other`

c) Stand up against all forms of inequality and demeaning relations based on patriarchal and oppressive systems and adopt equality and freedom as their guiding principle

d) Work for peace, nationally and worldwide

e) Commit themselves to the philosophy and principles of the democratic-ecological society : fighting nationalism, fanaticism, chauvinism and backwardness as well as promoting a comprehensive ecological outlook

f) Recognize the importance to science, and work for the development of scientific thought and institutions.

g) Strive for personal integrity in lifestyle, work and in personal relations, and never use their authority for personal gain

2.3 Duties of Members

Members of KONGRA-GEL shall :

a) Be loyal to the decisions and policies determined by the General Assembly and observe the implementation of disciplinary rules of the KONGRA-GEL

b) Participate in executive works and in meetings of relevant KONGRA-GEL bodies

c) Educate themselves on the political and ideological aims of KONGRA-GEL, thereby contributing to the general democratic awareness and participation

d) Contribute to a sound financial foundation for KONGRA-GEL through paying their membership fee

e) Take active part in society and strive to strengthen civic society as an arena for democratic change and for the emancipation of people’s democratic force and initiative

2.4 Rights of Members

Members of KONGRA-GEL may :

a) Take part in elections and hold office in KONGRA-GEL

b) Submit proposals, partake in any discussion and express their views or criticism on any issue pertaining to KONGRA-GEL’s policy and the implementation of its decisions

c) Defend themselves in the event of criticism or allegations and seek justice within the framework of the laws of the KONGRA-GEL

d) Request and receive information on all aspects or activities related to KONGRA- GEL

e) Benefit from KONGRA-GEL’s training facilities

f) Terminate their membership, provided such request is submitted in writing explaining the reasons of resignation to the relevant higher body of KONGRA- GEL.


3.1 Presidency

KONGRA-GEL’s Presidency consists of the President and six Deputy Presidents.

The President represents KONGRA-GEL between two Annual General Meetings and reports to the General Assembly. The President, in close collaboration with the Executive Council, has a vital role in defining the strategy, philosophy and theory of the democratic-ecologic revolution and in coordinating KONGRA-GEL’s policies. He/she chairs the General Assembly and Executive Council and shall approve any strategies proposed by these bodies.

The President is elected by the General Assembly by a two-third majority. If, after two election rounds, no candidate obtains the necessary majority, the two candidates with the highest number of votes at the last round shall run for a third round. The candidate with the simple majority of votes at the third round shall be the President.

Presidential candidates are proposed from/by ........ He/she is elected by the General Assembly with a minimum of two-thirds majority of. A person may hold the office of President for two consecutive terms only.

The Executive Council elects the six Deputy Presidents. One of the Deputy Presidents takes over the responsibilities of the President in the event of his/her death or resignation, until a new President is elected by the General Assembly. This election shall take place within six months.

3.2 General Assembly and Annual General Meeting

The General Assembly is KONGRA-GEL’s highest decision-making body, adopting or amending the organization’s program and constitution and defining its policy. The General Assembly elects the organization’s Presidency, Executive Council and Disciplinary Board and coordinates the activities of these bodies.

KONGRA-GEL’s members elect the 300 members of the General Assembly for a period of 3 years and in accordance with the organization’s election procedures. All parts of Kurdistan shall be represented, according to their population ratio, and aiming at 50 % female representation.

The General Assembly calls the Annual General Meetings, and a minimum of two thirds of its elected members must be present for its decisions to be applicable. An Annual General Meeting may be called on the request of the Presidency, on the approval of the two third of the members of the Executive Council or at the request of one third of the members of the General Assembly. The Annual General Meeting may be postponed for a year, on the request of the Presidency and the decision of two-thirds of the Executive Council.

3.3 The Executive Council

The Executive Council is the coordinating and governing body of KONGRA-GEL’s executive work. One representative of the Executive Council shall be on each of the organization’s Executive Committees.

The Executive Council shall meet every 4 months with the participation of a majority of its members. Meetings may be postponed or called at the request of the Presidency or one-third majority of the Council members.

The Executive Council is elected by the General Assembly for 3 years and shall comprise of 40 members. The Executive Council shall submit an annual report to General Assembly.

3.4 The Executive Committees

The Executive Committees are the principal implementing bodies of KONGRA-GEL’s philosophy and policies, acting on the instructions of the Executive Council :

• The Political Committee • The Social Committee • The Committee of Economy and Finance • The Science, Culture and Art Committee • The Press and Publications Committee • The Women’s Committee • The Youth Committee • The Ecological and Local Authorities Committee • The Justice and Human Rights Committee • The People’s Defense Committee

The Executive Committees set up their own programs and rules, subject to the approval of the Executive Council. Bi-monthly reports of each committee’s activities, plans and projects shall be submitted to the Executive Council. Their members are drawn from the General Assembly and can serve on one committee only at one time.

The Executive Council may dissolve an Executive Committee. It may also form new committees, according to needs.

3.4.1 The Political Committee

The Political Committee has two sub-committees.

The Internal Political Affairs Committee shall coordinate and implement KONGRA-GEL’s internal policy for all Kurdistan. The sub-committee shall encourage unity and solidarity within Kurdistan, in cooperation with individuals and other political groups.

The External Political Affairs Committee shall coordinate and implement KONGRA-GEL’s foreign policy for all Kurdistan. The sub-committee shall be the advocate of Kurdish institutions and organization abroad, building strategic and tactical alliances and engaging in diplomatic dialogue with neighboring nations and the international community on behalf of the Kurdish nation, with the aim of bringing the freedom struggle of the Kurdish nation to the international agenda.

3.4.2 The Social Committee

The Social Committee shall promote KONGRA-GEL’s visions of a viable democratic civil society through plans and projects for health, culture and education. The committee is responsible for setting up and supporting organizations within these fields.

3.4.3 The Committee of Economy and Finance

The Committee of Economy and Finance shall implement the financial and economic policy of the KONGRA-GEL. The committee shall seek solutions to the economical problems of Kurdistan, organizing economic and financial institutions, instigating projects for investment and development of resources and mobilizing society in general.

3.4.4 The Science, Culture and Art Committee

The Science, Culture and Art Committee shall work for the advancement of science as well as protecting and promoting Kurdish language and cultural and artistic heritage. The Committee shall set up and support sub-committees, research institutes and projects relevant to these fields.

3.4.5 The Press and Publications Committee

The Press and Publications Committee shall play a leading role vis-à-vis the public opinion in Kurdistan and abroad, organize press and publications on a national level, developing relevant institutions and setting up new ones.

3.4.6 The Women’s Committee

The Women’s Committee shall work for women’s emancipation in all Kurdistan and abroad, for the implementations of women’s rights and their involvement in all aspects of social life. The Committee shall cooperate with and support organizations promoting these aims.

3.4.7 The Youth Committee

The Youth Committee shall encourage and organize modern and active youth as the main social and dynamic force of the Kurdish nation, giving active support to youth organizations and instigating and implementing projects in sports and education as well as the fields of social, political and cultural life.

3.4.8 The Ecological and Local Authorities Committee

The Ecological and Local Authorities Committee shall fight the forces behind the destruction of our natural environment and promote society’s ecological awareness. The Committee shall seek the establishment of democratic and independent local administrative councils or assemblies in cities and villages as the vital bodies for the implementation of environmental programs and participatory politics. Furthermore, the committee shall encourage research and initiate projects and cooperate with organizations and movements engaged in these fields.

3.4.9 The Justice and Human Rights Committee

The Justice and Human Rights Committee shall raise the awareness of the principles of justice and human rights, based on the fundamental framework of international law and conventions. The Committee shall investigate and bring to light allegations on human rights abuses, miscarriage of justice and crimes of war. The Committee shall work with and support organizations in this field and shall initiate and support the formations of new organizations and bodies, if and when necessary. 3.4.10 The People’s Defense Committee

The People’s Defense Committee shall set down the terms and principles of legitimacy for military defense necessary for securing the freedom and fundamental rights of the Kurdish people and the life of the their leaders.

The Committee shall promote international peace and base its work on the protection of human rights and the principles and norms of the United Nations.

3.5 The Disciplinary Board

KONGRA-GEL’s Disciplinary Board examines and decides on allegations and petitions submitted by the Executive Council or other of the organization’s bodies or members, in compliance with the regulations pertaining to this work. Decisions are valid with simple majority. The Board reports to and is answerable to the General Assembly.

The Disciplinary Board consists of 11 members, drawn from the General Assembly and elected for the period of 3 years. Board Members may not simultaneously represent other KONGRA-GEL bodies.

3.6 The Advisory Board

The Advisory Board is not part of the executive and decision making body of KONGRA-GEL, but submits its views and presents its advise on national and international questions and issues to the Presidency and the Executive Council. It defines its own working procedures.

The Advisory Board consists of 15 experts, appointed by the Executive Council. The number of members may be increased if needed.

3.7 The Democratic-Ecological Coordinators

The Democratic-Ecological Coordinators of the KONGRA-GEL coordinate Kurdish organizations and institutions at home and abroad. They may represent political parties, NGO’s, women’s and youth organizations, green movements, trade unions, cultural institutions etc, each having equal representation. The Coordinators prepare their own constitution and shall not interfere with internal affairs and regulations of the represented organizations.

Every six months the Democratic-Ecological Coordinators shall elect 3 persons to be their executive administration, subject to the approval of the Executive Council. The Coordinators take their perspectives and instructions from the Executive Council and report on their activities on its request or when deemed necessary.


The KONGRA-GEL shall function on the principles of democratic participation and administration.

All administrative bodies of KONGRA-GEL shall be established and altered as a result of free and fair elections. Secret voting and open counting shall be applied to the election of all administrative bodies. The view of the majority shall define the decisions of KONGRA-GEL’s governing bodies and their implementation, while protecting and safeguarding the rights of the individual and minorities within the organizational structure.

All KONGRA-GEL governing bodies shall meet according to the time frame and rules that are laid down by this constitution and the relevant instructions. Their decisions are made with simple majority, unless otherwise specified.

Members who cannot attend meetings of the KONGRA-GEL governing bodies are obliged to give prior notification. Not attending without valid reason is considered a breach of the Constitution. Two subsequent non-attendances will be taken to the Disciplinary Board.

The superior governing bodies of the KONGRA-GEL may issue instructions to lesser bodies, but should always consider their views and suggestions in the decision making process. Through requesting reports and/or allocating people they shall comply with their duty of management. Constructive criticism from members or lesser bodies shall be encouraged and under no circumstances be misused.

The lesser governing bodies of the KONGRA-GEL implement the instructions of the superior bodies and are answerable to, and report to these. The lesser bodies shall make constructive criticism and express their opinions as part of the decision making process.

The members of the KONGRA-GEL are obliged to make use of the official platforms available to them in order to express their views and constructive criticisms on the activities or any other issue pertaining to the organization.


The following shall be considered a breach of KONGRA-GEL’s constitutional rules and warranting disciplinary sanctions :

1) Abusing, speaking or making public propaganda against KONGRA-GEL’s policies and strategies

2) Failing to implement or questioning the legitimacy of the instructions of the superior governing bodies of KONGRA-GEL

3) Not complying with the definitions of a member of KONGRA-GEL

4) Failing to protect the values and bodies of the KONGRA-GEL

5) Misusing authority and/or the involvement in corruption

Any member or governing body of the KONGRA-GEL may bring an allegation of a breach of the disciplinary rules before the Disciplinary Board. The Board undertakes the necessary investigation, and if the verdict of a breach of rules is reached, it may decide to limit authority, impeach, suspend membership and expel from membership.

Decisions made by the Disciplinary Board are binding and shall be upheld by the Executive Council and the relevant governing bodies. The decisions may be challenged and resolved at the KONGRA-GEL General Assembly.

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